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3Delight Principled Material

The 3Delight Principled material is our interpretation of Disney's Principled BRDF (see References). Quoting from the main reference, a principled material adhere to these principles:

  1. Intuitive rather than physical parameters should be used.
  2. There should be as few parameters as possible.
  3. Parameters should be zero to one over their plausible range.
  4. Parameters should be allowed to be pushed beyond their plausible range where it makes sense.
  5. All combinations of parameters should be as robust and plausible as possible. We thoroughly debated the addition of each parameter.

3Delight Principled shader has more than the 11 parameters listed in Disney's reference as it offers more control on the coat and also has subsurface parameters.

The 3Delight Principled replaced the deprecated 3Delight Material as the main Material in 3Delight for Maya. The two materials are very similar, the later mainly lacking Metallicity control as well as having a different range for some parameters.


Coating is an important part of a car paint as it affects the overall look in three main aspects:

  1. It provides a richer specular response to light as it adds a specular highlight on top of the base surface's highlight.
  2. It can colour light as it passes through the coating.
  3. It contains metallic particles (a.k.a flakes) suspended inside the coat. 

→ Thickness

The thickness of the coating layer. The thicker the layer the more it absorbs light and the less of the base layer is visible. A thickness of 0 disables the coating 

→ Specular Level

How "shiny" is the coating. A value of 1 means a very shiny coating.

→ Color

The colouring producing by this coating layer. Colouring will be more prominent in thicker layers.

→ Roughness

Roughness of the coating layer.

Base Layer

→ Color

The colour of the base layer.

→ Metallic

Mainly controls the colour of the reflections. Reflection from metals has the colour of the light whilst non-metals reflect the colour of the surface.

→ Specular Level

Controls the strength of specular reflections on the base layer.

→ Roughness

The roughness of the base layer.

→ Anisotropy

Base Layer - Subsurface Color

→ Subsurface

→ Color

→ Scale


Base Layer - Incandescence

→ Color

Colour of the emitted light.

→ Intensity

Intensity of emitted light. Final colour is Colour * Intensity.

Normal Map / Bump

This section concerns both normal maps and standard bump map. It allows control of the feature on both the coating layer and the base layer.

→ Type

Specifies the type of the bump mapping desired – either Bump Map or Normal Map. In the case of a Normal Map, a color is expected in value and will be used as the normal map.  In case of Bump Map the shader will only consider the R value.

→ Value

A colour input specifying bump direction (Normal Map) or intensity (Bump Map). 

→ Intensity

Specifies how intense is the the bump mapping effect. A value of 0 means that normals will stay unchanged whereas a value of one will affect normals with full range.

→ Layers Affected

Select to apply bump to the coating, base layer or both layers (default).

* References

  • Physically-Based Shading at Disney by Brent Burley, Walt Disney Animation Studios.

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